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您的位置:首页 ?->? 真bet366?->?第三节 非谓语动词

第三节 非谓语动词


非谓语动词包括不定式(infinitive)-ing 分词(-ing participle)和-ed分词(-ed participle)

一、不定式的用法

(一)、作主语:

1.To set up a space station costs a huge sum of government revenue.

建立太空站花费大量纳税人的钱。

2.To subsidize artists and musicians is a wise measure to preserve the traditional culture.

资助艺术家和音乐家是保护传统文化的明智措施。

3.How to solve the heavy traffic problem is a thorny issue for our government.

如何解决严重的交通问题对于政府而言是个棘手的问题。

4.To say something is one thing,and to do it is another.

说是一回事,做又是另一回事

5.It is essential to combine theory with practice.

理论联系实践是很重要的。

6.It is no exaggeration to imagine robots becoming the dominant race,and wiping out humanity.

可以毫不夸张地设想机器人将成为占统治地位的种族并将消灭人类。

7.It is necessary to impose heavier penalty on litterbugs.

有必要对垃圾虫加大处罚力度。

8.It is a laudable endeavor to help those in distress and lend support to those in poverty.

扶贫助弱是件值得称颂和提倡的事。

(二)、作宾语

1.I prefer to side with the former opinion.

我倾向于前者的观点。

2.The government decides to speed up the development of tourism.

政府决定加快旅游业的发展。

3.Some poor students manage to pay their tuition by taking a part-time job.

一些贫穷学生通过做兼职来交纳他们的学费。

4.I intend to explore the pros and cons of the controversial issue before drawing a conclusion.

在得出结论之前,我打算先探讨一下这具有争议话题的正反方的意见。

5.This essay aims to analyze this complicated phenomenon from diverse angles.

本文将从不同角度分析这复杂的现象。“

6.Many youngsters prefer to have three meals at the fast food outlets.

许多青少年更喜欢去快餐店吃三餐。

(三)、作表语

1.My proposal is to set the animals kept in zoos free.

我的建议是把关在动物园的动物放出来。

2.The best way to increase one's metabolism is to do some form of aerobic exercise,like a brisk walk.

促进人体新陈代谢的最好办法是做有氧运动,例如散步。

3.The sole task of students is to acquire the knowledge and skills essential to their future career.

学生的唯一任务是获得将来工作必不可少的知识和技能。

4.His long-cherished dream is to pursue his master's degree in Cambridge University.

他梦寐以求的是去剑桥大学攻读硕士学位。

5.What we must do next is(to)avoid eating food high in fat and calories.

我们下一步要做的是避免吃含高脂肪和高热量的食物。

6.The first countermove is to lay down more rigid laws and regulations to deter the would-be criminals.

第一个对策是制定更多严厉的法律和法规来阻止潜在的犯罪分子。

7.What we should make sure is to absorb the essence and discard the dregs.

我们要明确的是取其精髓,去其糟粕。

(四)、作补语

1.Advanced intelligent machines such as robots enable people to work more efficiently and comfortably.

先进的智能机器如机器人使人们工作更高效和舒适。

2.The fierce social competition makes people work and live under great pressure.

激烈的社会竞争使人们在巨大的压力下工作和生活。

3.The 21st century requires us to be equipped with advanced knowledge.

21世纪要求我们用先进的知识武装自己。

4.Parents always expect their children to be head and shoulders over others.

父母总是希望自己的孩子出人头地。

5.The advent of the Internet enables people to have easier access to all sorts of information worldwide.

互联网的出现使人们更加容易接触到全世界各种各样的信息。

6.We should encourage high school students to criticise and evaluate their teachers.

我们应该鼓励中学生批评和评价他们的老师。

7.We find smoking to be the direct cause of some diseases.

我们发现吸烟是一些疾病的直接诱因。

8.Music is considered to be one of the effective ways to relieve stress.

音乐被视为减轻压力的有效途径之一.

(五)、作定语

1.The Internet is an economical way to convey information.

互联网是传播信息的经济的途径。

2.Our government released its scheme to demolish all the old buildings in the downtown area with an aim to promoting the city's image.

政府公布了拆除商业中心区旧建筑以改善城市形象的计划。

3.Celebrities also have the basic right to protect their private lives.

名人一样拥有保护自己私生活的基本权利。:

4.We need some newspapers to voice the feelings of the masses.

我们需要一些能反映群众呼声的报纸。

5.I am unable to attend your fancy party because I have some urgent matter to attend to this evening.

我不能参加你的化妆舞会,因为我今晚有急事要处理。

6.Nowadays,with the wide application of computers,many adults feel the pressing need to acquire computer literacy.

现在,随着电脑的广泛使用,许多成年人感到学习电脑知识的迫切需要。

7.Our government should organize some large-scale campaigns to arouse people's awareness of environmental protection.

我们的政府应举办大型活动来唤醒人们的环保意识。

8.Youth drug abuse is a hot topic to be discussed at the conference.

青少年吸毒是会议将讨论的热点话题。

(六)、作状语(目的,结果、原因)

1.Our government should take stronger and harsher measures to combat the littering behavior.

我们的政府应采取更强有力的措施来对付乱丢垃圾的行为。!

2.She goes jogging to lose weight.

她每天通过慢跑来减肥。

3.To.make up for my fault,I sincerely invite you to pay a visit to my hometown.

为了弥补我的过失,我诚恳地邀请你到我们家乡作客。h

真bet3664.Governments and ordinary citizens should join hands to create a cleaner environment not only for us,but also for our future generations.

不仅为了我们,也为了后代,政府和普通市民应该携手并肩营造一个更为清洁的环境。

5.I write this letter to express my sincere apology for my failure to meet you at the airport last night.

我先写信向你表示诚意的道歉,因为昨晚我未能去机场接你。

6.I am very sorry to have made the animals suffer during the test.

我为动物在实验过程中遭受痛苦感到遗憾。.

7.To remove the misunderstanding between us,I would like to invite you to see a new movie this Sunday evening.

为了消除我们之间的误会,我打算邀请你这个星期天晚上去看一部新出品的电影。

8.We decide to hold a family picnic at Haiyin Park to celebrate my father's birthday.

我们决定在海印公园举行家庭野餐来庆祝我爸的生日。

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