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副词/状语从句


状语从句可以用来修饰谓语(或其他动词)、定语或状语、·或者是整个句子。

状语从句可以用来表示时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、条件、行为方式、比较关系、·让步等。 状语从句常由以下表示从属关系的连词引导出来,如:after,because,so that,wherever,although,unless,as if,even though,while,as long as,when,since,where等。

(一)表时间的状语从句可以由 when,whenever,as,while,before,after,until,till,since,now that,once,so long as,as soon as 等词引起。

1.When we impose adult standards on children's sports,the result can be activities that are neither satisfying nor beneficial to children.

当我们把成人的标准强加于小孩的运动时,结果将导致该活动既不能令小孩满意也无益处。

真bet3662.As long as everyone is fully aware of the significance of environmental protection and takes some effective measures,I am fully confident that we can overcome the pollution problem.

只要每个人都充分意识到环境保护的重要性,并采取有效措施,我坚信我们一定能解决污染问题。

3.Destruction of the land has increased as the growing amount of natural vegetation is removed to make room for more houses,roads and highways.

随着大量自然植被让位于房屋、道路和高速路的建设,土地的破坏程度也随着日益增大

4.Our dietary structure has undergone drastic changes since western fast food was introduced into China a decade ago.

自从十年前西式快餐进入中国之后,我们的饮食结构发生了巨大变化。

5.When it comes to international sports such as the Olympic Games and the World Cup soccer game,some people believe that it creates goodwill between the nations.

当说到国际体育比赛,诸如奥林匹克运动会和世界杯足球赛,有些人认为它能增进国与国之间的友善。

6.Some feasible steps should be taken before things get worse.

黯在事态恶化之前应该采取可行的步骤。

7.When the advantages and disadvantages are carefully compared,the most striking conclusion is self-evident.

当仔细比较了优点与缺点之后,最有力的结论就不言自明。

8.The environment will not be improved until the disposable products are banned.

只有禁用一次性产品,环境才可能得到改善。藏的建证ダ

(二)表示地点的从句由 where or wherever 引起.

1.Some murder cases also occur where cameras are installed.

在安装了摄像机的地方同样也发生一些谋杀案。

2.Many rare animals are on the verge of extinction where environmental pollution is serious.

在环境污染严重的地方,许多珍稀动物处于灭绝的边缘。

3.Many people prefer to shop where they can be sure of quality.

许多人喜欢到质量有保障的地方购物。

4.Where there is a will,there is a way.

有志者事竟成。

5.The crime rate soars where drugs are rampant..

在毒品猖獗的地方,犯罪率就急剧上升。

(三)、表示原因的从句可以曲 as,because,since等引起。

1.Rain forests must be preserved because they offer the human race many irreplaceable resources.

雨林必须得到保护,因为它们给人类提供了许多不可替代的资源。

2.Television makes the viewer completely passive because everything 1s presented to him without any effort on his part.

电视使观众变得完全消极被动,因为电视所提供的所有一切均无需观众的参与和付出。

3.Since students are in their formative years,part-time jobs may expose them to social ills at an age when they can not distinguish right from wrong.

做兼职工作可能令他们接触到一些社会丑恶现象,由于学生处于成型期,他们往往不能辨明是非,容易误人其途。

4.As computers are widely used in all aspects of our daily lives,computer literacy has become a must to a modern man.

由于电脑被广泛运用于日常生活的方方面面,电脑知识成了现代人必备的知识。

5.Animals are widely used in medical research because scientists can conduct experiments on them to find out the causes of some diseases and develop new cures.

动物被广泛用于医学实验,因为科学家可以通过在它们身上做实验来找出某些疾病的原因并研制出治疗方法。

6.A fierce argument was inevitable because people held so many different views on this hot button issue.

由于人们对这热点问题持有许多不同观点,一场激烈的争论在所难免。

(四)、表示目的的从句可以由 that,so that,in order that等引起。

1.Nowadays farmers are using a variety of chemical pesticides and fertilizers so that they can grow bigger harvests.

现在,为了获取更高产量,农场主们使用各种不同类型的化学杀虫剂和肥料。

2.Our municipal government decides to demolish the old houses in the city center so that more modern high-rise buildings can be erected.

市政府决定拆除市中心的旧房子,以便建设更多现代化的高层建筑。

3.Zeng Qiyu takes an IELTS training course at Global IELTS Training School so that she can achieve a higher score.

曾启宇在环球雅思学校参加雅思培训,目的是取得更高的分数。

4.More rigid laws and regulations should be laid down so that the rate of juvenile delinquency will be lowered.

应当制定更严厉的法律法规来降低青少年犯罪率。

5.We should avoid eating food containing high fat and calories so that we can stay healthy.

为了身体健康,我们应该避免吃含有高脂肪和高热量的食物。

(五)、表示结果的从句可以由 that,so that,so...that,such...that等引起。

1.The cost of education is rising so rapidly that college students have to take up a part-time job to ease their parents' financial strain.

教育费用快速增长,不少大学生不得不通过兼职来减轻父母的经济负担。

2.Many students were so bored by the tedious lecture given by Mr.Wu that they left before the end of the class.

吴老师的课太沉闷了,以至于许多同学还没下课就走了。

3.Students are not mature enough so that they are prone to some social ills and may easily go astray.

学生不够成熟,因此他们容易受到社会丑恶现象的侵蚀,从而误人歧途。

4.The social competition is so fierce that many people suffer from insomnia and depression.

社会竞争太激烈了,许多人患有失眠症和抑郁症。

5.Insomnia becomes so prevalent that it arouses doctors wide concern.

失眠症太普遍了,引起了医生的广泛关注。

6.Robots are used so widely that many workers are laid off.

机器人被广泛运用,以至于许多工人被裁员。

(六)、表示条件的从句可以由 if,unless,suppose,in case,so long as,sofar as,provided that等引起。

1.If people are obliged to withdraw from work to complete domesticity,they will feel that they are abandoned by the society and useless.

如果强迫人们从工作岗位上退下来,他们会觉得自己被社会抛弃了,已经没用了.

2.I should appreciate it if you would take into consideration Mr.Wu Yongtao's application.

如您能考虑吴永韬先生的申请,我将不胜感激。

3.Please do not hesitate to contact us if you need any further information about his qualifications.

如您需要有关他资历的更多情况,请随时与我们联系。

4.If the matter is not properly settled,I would ask you to give me a full refund, or I will complain to the Consumer's Association.

如果此事未能得到妥善解决,我要求你给我全额退款,否则我将投诉到消协。

5.If you overindulge in playing computer games,you are sure to lack enough emotional exchanges with your family members and friends.

如果过分沉迷于玩计算机游戏,你肯定会与家人和朋友缺乏足够的感情交流。

6.If I am asked to make a choice between the two views,I will not hesitate to side with the former.

如果要我在两种观点之间选择,我将毫不犹豫地选择前者。

(七)、表示让步的从句可以由 though,although,no matter,even if,(however),whatever等引起。

1.Although it is generally held that high technology will play a critical role in solving energy and food shortages,I doubt whether the argument can bear closer analysis.

虽然人们普遍认为高科技将在解决能源和食品短缺中起到关键的作用,但我怀疑这种论点是否经得起推敲。

2.Although the Internet technology is widely applied in classroom teaching,the role of traditional teaching can not be replaced.

尽管互联网技术被广泛运用于课堂教学,但是传统教学是不可替代的。

3.Though scientific and technological advancement has brought us many benefits,it also produces some adverse impacts on human life to some extent.

虽然科学技术的进步给我们带来很多好处,同时也在某种程度上对人类生活带来副面影响。

4.Though students who have part-time jobs may relieve their parents' financial strain,their early social contact with society adds greatly to the worries of their parents.

尽管做兼职的学生可以减轻父母的经济负担,但是过早接触社会又令他们的父母担心。

5.No matte how advanced and convenient tele-education is,traditional education remains the mainstream form of education.

不管远程教育多么先进和方便,传统教育依然是教育的主流形式。

(八)、表示比较关系的从句由 more...than/less...than,the more...,the more or as引起。

1.The more corporal punishment a person experiences,the greater the probability of being depressed and the higher the likelihood of thinking of committing suicide.

一个人所遭受的体罚越多,心情沮丧和自杀的可能性就越大。

2.The output of China is three times as much as that of India.

中国的产量是印度的三倍。

3.A,which accounts for 48%,is 20% more than B,which makes up 28%.

A占48%,B占28%,A比B多20%.

4.Nearly as many hours were spent listening to the radio as watching television.

花在听收音机的时间和看电视的时间差不多。